“There is a great deal of confusion regarding the legal status of hemp and why these products are so readily available versus marijuana-based CBD products. In 2014, the Farm Bill stated that hemp was different from marijuana, yet the Drug Enforcement Agency’s (DEA) position is that hemp comes from the cannabis sativa plant and as such falls under the controlled substance act. In 2004, the Hemp Industry Association won a court case against the DEA from the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals that ruled the DEA didn’t have the authority to ban hemp under the CSA. “By that federal court ruling, similar to non-scheduled hemp food products, this allows Medical Marijuana, Inc. (including  HempMeds®) to sell online and distribute to customers in the U.S. states,” said Dr. Stuart Titus, the company’s Chief Executive Officer.”
For decades, laws had grouped hemp and marijuana in the same category, conflating both plants and confusing the public. All of this changed in 2018 with the passing of the Agriculture Improvement Act. Also known as the 2018 Farm Bill, the new legislation removed hemp from the federal definition of marijuana and reclassified it as an industrial commodity. In other words, the bill made hemp legal at the federal level and established it is to be regulated by The Department of Agriculture rather than the Drug Enforcement Agency. As a result of the bill, hemp and hemp-derived products are completely legal nationwide, though individual states may still impose minor restrictions.
people don’t use CBD for recreational use. it has little to no THC so has no psychoactive properties. many CBD products processed from hemp also do not have enough CBD to affect any medical disorders either. they are just jumping on the trendy CBD bandwagon, like many other so-called “nutritional supplements”. so it is very difficult to find and trust the CBD processed form hemp. useful CBD from hemp can only be processed from the flowers, which is still illegal, even though no THC. the only legal use of hemp in the states is for “industrial” use, only the stalks and seeds (fiber and oil). the stalks and seeds of hemp are so lacking in usable CBD that it is not legitimate for medical use.

Thank you for the information.  A friend of mine recently gave me a small bottle of Cloud 9 hemp, lizard king.  Said she was told it is good for COPD.  Can not find anything that backs up that statement, You article also said that Cloud 9 is a brand that uses Propylene and the effects on the lungs when vaporizing has not been determined but OK to use externally.  Is all this correct?
Taking CBD orally or vaping it is a great way to address a number of health issues, including sleeplessness, chronic pain and anxiety. But there’s another way to benefit from the power of CBD: topically. There are many topical applications available, including balms, salves, lotions and oils. They will help soothe your skin, calm your nerves, relax your mind and leave you feeling radiant. Warning: due to their popularity, CBD topicals are flooding the market. Finding the best products for your needs can be daunting. This top ten list will get you started. 

We also have to look at Federal spending budgets, don’t we? The Federal Appropriations that passed in April, 2017  specifically mentions the Department of Justice is prevented from “implementing their own laws that authorize the use, distribution, possession, or cultivation of medical marijuana.” Hemp is not medical marijuana, though one could assume if they’re not going after High-THC plants, they’re not going to go after low-THC plants either – especially without the budget needed.
We also kept an eye out for product packaging that would help preserve the benefits of CBD: as with many other potent antioxidants, CBD’s chemical potency can be readily degraded by exposure to light and oxygen. For that reason, our highest-rated products come in opaque or tinted plastic or glass bottles, and have rigid, well-designed seals to keep oxygen out after opening.
Vaporizers – Many state-licensed cannabis dispensaries offer high CBD strains of cannabis flower. This allows for reduced risk of paranoia while allowing for a high medicinal dose of CBD. Vaporizers are used to heat up the flower and remove the properties or compounds of the plant that you are looking for without combustion or smoking. Vaporizers use convection much like a convection oven.
In 2015, Governor Greg Abbott signed into law what’s known as the Texas Compassionate Use Act, which allows the use of CBD oils to treat seizures caused by intractable epilepsy. The Act legalizes oils containing CBD for treatment of epilepsy, as well as other chronic medical conditions for those who have not responded positively to use of federally approved medications.
REM Behavior Disorder: REM behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia disorder characterized by shouting, becoming physically agitated, or otherwise acting out during sleep. For many, RBD is a symptom of a larger, more serious condition or disorder, such as Alzheimer’s disease or PTSD. CBD oil minimizes the symptoms of RBD, and also alleviates the anxiety and painful symptoms that often accompany disorders that lead to RBD.
The undisputed champion of terpenes is the cannabis plant. For so many, the blend of terpenes defines the cannabis experience. They can tell a story of composition, define a strain or pinpoint an origin. In fact, for many cannabis grow operations, retaining high terpene profiles is a driving goal. Not only do terpenes dictate flavor profiles, but also the effects – and science is just now beginning to explore the beneficial mechanisms at play.
They operate their own hemp farms in Kentucky and Colorado as well as their own lab and product facilities. Customers appreciate their dedication to making quality products at affordable prices. It's also great to see a company that's willing to stand behind their products by offering a 30-day money-back guarantee if you're dissatisfied for any reason.
“The DEA makes it clear they don’t have to explicitly list anything as a controlled substance as long as a substance is intended for human ingestion, not approved as a drug by the (US Food and Drug Administration), or is structurally or pharmacologically similar to another controlled substance,” he told Leafly. “This DEA rulemaking change doesn’t make it any more illegal” than it previously was. The new rule “was an administrative change,” Armentano added. “It has nothing to do with law enforcement.”
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Dry Mouth: As is the case with many other hemp- and marijuana-based products, CBD oil often leads to a condition known as dry mouth (or cottonmouth). This is likely due to cannabinoids altering receptors in the lower jaw that trigger salivation. In most cases, mild discomfort and stronger-than-average thirst are the only issues associated with dry mouth.
In fact, CBD has even been found to be a mediating factor for some of the negative effects of THC, the active ingredient in recreational and medical cannabis. One study which reviewed the literature on the overall negative effects of cannabinoids pointed to emerging research that suggests that CBD ameliorates some of the negative psychological effects of THC, but noted that more research is needed on this frontier (9).

Cultivating hemp is illegal in the US; importing hemp and hemp products, including hemp oil, rich in CBD, is not. How bloody hard is that to know? Why is Leafly allowing the publication of such contrarian articles? Lust for the fortunes that deputy editor, Barcott, is still chasing? DEA’s Rosenberg rule is just a rule … the 9th Circuit Court blasted them in the 2001 case and PERMANENTLY ENJOINED the DEA from making law. They can write all the rules they want, but they cannot make law. That is the job of Congress, and so far, Congress has not made a damn ruling about ANYTHING … but hang in there!
There truly is no one-size-fits-all serving size, but for those just starting out, the best rule of thumb is to start low and slow. Start with just two to three milligrams and work your way up. This may take some trial and error, but you certainly don’t want to go too hard into the deep end. Thankfully, you cannot overdose on CBD, and even the highest concentrations of pure CBD oil report no significant side effects.
Further, analysis of blood samples revealed that patients who received cannabidiol had heightened levels of a particular neurotransmitter, and levels of this neurotransmitter in the blood were strongly and independently related to having fewer symptoms of schizophrenia. This indicates that CBD oil could one day become a reliable treatment for schizophrenia that has fewer side effects and uses a different biological mechanism to treat the problem. 

One of the lesser talked about aspects of CBD vaping safety is the potential respiratory hazard of cuticle wax. Cuticle waxes are basically the oily, fatty outer layer of lipids that cover the surface of most flowering cannabis plants, including hemp. When these plants are smoked with a bowl, joint, bong, etc, the wax layer is burned away and isn’t believed to cause much concern in terms of respiratory health.
Topicals – Topicals are typically salves or creams that have been infused with cannabis or hemp oil. This allows for easy use to treat problem areas. Many senior citizens use topicals for arthritis or other auto-immune disorders however because of restrictions imposed by various agencies we are not allowed to say whether this is an effective treatment or now. However, a quick Google search will help you find what you are looking for in terms of effectiveness.
Of course, because legal marijuana is in such a confusing transitional period, even here there are potential exceptions. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Epidiolex, a treatment for a rare form of pediatric epilepsy that contains CBD. The DEA decided to classify this as a Schedule 5 drug, the scheduling that indicates the lowest potential for addiction and abuse.
The information above and any other communication regarding legality which you may receive from any representative of Green Roads or the Green Roads’ website is for informational purposes only and not for the purpose of providing legal advice. You must make your own judgment regarding whether you should purchase CBD in your jurisdiction. You should contact your attorney to obtain more specific guidance.*
Serving size can vary based on the product you choose and the CBD concentrations in that product, as well as your own metabolism. Edibles generally have longer lasting effects, but they also take longer to process as they have to go through your entire digestive system, which also breaks down some of that CBD. Edibles such as gummies or capsules are a foolproof way to ensure accurate and consistent serving sizes. CBD that is smoked or vaped acts faster and has less breakdown while also lasting less time overall.
This is good news for the best CBD oil companies because the Farm Bill allows for the legal cultivation of industrial hemp, under certain circumstances, which can be a source of CBD. But CBD can also come from non-industrial hemp, namely the marijuana plant that most are more familiar with. Therefore, whether or not CBD oil for pain is legal can be a question of which “version” of the cannabis plant it was sourced from. If it was sourced from industrial hemp, (which contains less than 0.3% THC by volume), and it was cultivated under the Farm Bill, then it is legal.
This is good news for the best CBD oil companies because the Farm Bill allows for the legal cultivation of industrial hemp, under certain circumstances, which can be a source of CBD. But CBD can also come from non-industrial hemp, namely the marijuana plant that most are more familiar with. Therefore, whether or not CBD oil for pain is legal can be a question of which “version” of the cannabis plant it was sourced from. If it was sourced from industrial hemp, (which contains less than 0.3% THC by volume), and it was cultivated under the Farm Bill, then it is legal.
After ignoring the CBD oil on the shelves of health food stores for months; the state excise police in Indiana began raiding stores recently for CBD oil. According to the State Excise Police, CBD is considered the same as marijuana in the state of Indiana. Even thought that makes zero sense since it does not have any psychoactive chemicals in it at all (or so little as to not count). Thus it is idiocy but must be coming from the top as the Governor is the head cheese they would not be raiding unless he had given the OK. So it is stupid and a waste of taxpayer money. Hitting the health food stores hard; and people will just pay a little more to order it online. CBD oil works for a variety of health conditions. It is big pharma that is trying to keep it off the shelves. But in the end they will lose this one.
These findings underscore the importance of choosing a high-quality CBD product, hopefully that uses independent lab testing to verify its purity. This study also suggests that using CBD is a bad idea if you get drug tested for your job—there’s a one in five chance that a CBD product could cause you to test positive for marijuana, even if you aren’t using it.
The safety and risks of using CBD for dogs have not yet been researched. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved CBD and has not issued a dosing chart. Therefore, we do not know what size dosage would be toxic. Any medication or supplement carries the risk of a reaction. It is always advisable, when giving your dog something new, to start out with small amounts and then closely monitor the effects. And always check with your veterinarian first.
Like humans, animals can suffer from all manner of chronic pain, and this 2015 review of the scientific literature on chronic pain and cannabinoid usage found that seven out of eleven high-quality trials showed cannabinoids to have “a significant analgesic effect.” Researchers also reported that “several trials also demonstrated improvement in secondary outcomes (e.g., sleep, muscle stiffness, and spasticity).”
Though there are some topical treatments, cannabis oil is typically administered orally to dogs. It also can be used in conjunction with traditional medications and treatments. Emerging research suggests there can be “synergistic benefits” between marijuana and traditional medications, Richter says. “There are few, if any, known significant drug interactions that you really need to be concerned about.”
In 1970, the U.S. government passed the Controlled Substances Act, a statute that regulates all cannabis, including industrial hemp. However, the definition of marijuana was lifted from the existing 1937 statute and adopted without any change. This definition excluded certain parts of hemp — sterilized hemp seed, hemp fiber, and hemp seed oil — from regulation.

The researchers were able to show that the patients who received the CBD oil were less interested and less excited about the cigarette cues created by the researchers, which suggests that CBD itself could help reduce impulses to continue using. CBD has also been explored as a potential treatment for opiate abuse, though given the fraught legal and ethical landscape surrounding opiate addiction, solid studies on CBD for painkiller abuse are few and far between.


So, you need a CBD-induced mood change. You need to calm your mind, boost your vibe, refocus, and perhaps meditate on a few things. There are plenty of ways to get the right dose, but you’d prefer these effects to settle in quickly and that CBD edible is definitely going to take its time kicking in. Topical creams won’t tackle the full-body feel you’re going for either.
Extraction: The method by which CBD oil is processed from hemp plants can be very telling. Some manufacturers extract and process the oil using toxic materials like propane or butane; in most cases, these oils are cheaply priced. Safer extraction and processing agents include ethanol, which cleans the hemp plant of unwanted toxins; and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, which strips harmful materials from the plant by changing the carbon dioxide’s temperature and pressure settings.

You can thin the CBD with terpenes, encapsulate it in dextrin, drive the terpenes off with heat, and use the now water-soluble CBD in water with an ultrasonic fogger/oil-diffuser. It won’t precipitate, but the level of solubility is pretty low even with encapsulation, think 100mg per 200ml. The evaporation rate of those units is somewhere like 50ml/hour, which works out to .83mg of CBD being vaporized a minute, or .14mg every 10 seconds. That’s a miniscule rate.
CBD oil has gained the most traction among the general public for its ability to treat psychiatric conditions like anxiety and addiction. The roots of CBD oil in psychological treatment originated from its surprising effectiveness at helping children with epilepsy, and it’s becoming increasingly popular as a way to help ameliorate symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder as well.
Disclaimer: This product is not for use by or sale to persons under the age of 18. This product should be used only as directed on the label. It should not be used if you are pregnant or nursing. Consult with a physician before use if you have a serious medical condition or use prescription medications. A Doctor's advice should be sought before using this and any supplemental dietary product. All trademarks and copyrights are property of their respective owners and are not affiliated with nor do they endorse this product. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Individual weight loss results will vary. By using this site, you agree to follow the Privacy Policy and all Terms & Conditions printed on this site. Void Where Prohibited by Law.

This is exciting for many, but also complicated due to the fact that possession of marijuana is still considered a criminal offense at the federal law level. Flying across and transporting marijuana across state lines, drug tests for employees following a visit to one of the states where marijuana is legal and other complications have led many to avoid the topic – and consumption – altogether.
The longer answer is far more interesting. It is important to first distinguish marijuana from hemp. Scientifically, both marijuana and hemp come from the “cannabis sativa” plant, according to the USDA. Marijuana, though in the same scientific family as hemp, is a much smaller plant. Hemp, the taller and more fibrous version of the sativa plant has a long history in the United States. In fact, George Washington grew hemp on Mount Vernon.
However, switching to CBD oil from a conventional medication is far from a random stab in the dark. In fact, there was a large scale (and very well-documented) survey carried out less than two years ago that looked at precisely what percentage of patients were able to “swap” their side effect-inducing meds for a 100% natural, cannabis-based therapy.
In terms of sleep, it stands to reason that a less anxious animal is going to be more ready to fall asleep than a hyper-vigilant one. Additionally, though, there’s evidence that CBD, in its interaction with the endocannabinoid system, can help establish and maintain a healthy sleep/wake cycle — which is what tells both humans and animals when to feel sleepy and when to be awake.
We ranked all of the most popular CBD vape oil brands in the world according to a variety of factors: effectiveness, price, flavors, customer service, and more. If you choose any of the brands from this list you can rest easy knowing that you’re going to get the maximum benefits of CBD from a reputable company that has been vetted by our team of CBD enthusiasts.
Smoking the leaves and flowers of the marijuana plant is a potent method for getting cannabinoids into your bloodstream. It’s just not the healthiest. There is a safe and superior option: cannabis oil pills. Before you start experimenting though, it’s important to understand key differences between CBD and THC, including the unique advantages and side effects of each. Once you have these basics down, making your own cannabis capsules is easy. Here we answer all your questions about cannabis oil pills and provide instructions for making your own.
Our CBD Vape products range from CBD Vape Juice which is added to traditional vaporizer e-cig style tank setups as well as CBD Vape Cartridges which are 510 threaded, CBD Vape Pods that are compatible with batteries such as JUUL and other click-and-go devices, Disposable CBD Vape Pens that are all-in-one CBD Vape setups as well as CBD Vape Additives which are concentrated CBD Vape products that are flavorless and made to infuse CBD into an existing e-liquid blend.
Unfortunately, due to strict FDA laws, I am not legally able to say that CBD will help with your specific condition, with that being said, you would need to buy the filled cartridges if you are using a pen that uses the screw on cartridges. Otherwise if you have a vape that has a tank on it you can buy our vape oil and do it that way. I hope this helps. Feel free to email [email protected]
We also have to look at Federal spending budgets, don’t we? The Federal Appropriations that passed in April, 2017  specifically mentions the Department of Justice is prevented from “implementing their own laws that authorize the use, distribution, possession, or cultivation of medical marijuana.” Hemp is not medical marijuana, though one could assume if they’re not going after High-THC plants, they’re not going to go after low-THC plants either – especially without the budget needed.
Working with farms in Northern Europe, we carefully tested and reviewed 3,000 cultivars to find the one that would thrive and produce the optimal ratio of cannabinoids necessary for our products. The oil sourced from these plants are high in CBD and low in THC, the cannabinoid that gets users high, making our extracted hemp oil products legal to purchase in the U.S.

The vast majority of CBD oils come in bottles measuring either 15 milliliters (mL), or 0.5 ounces; or 30 mL, or 1 ounce. However, CBD concentration is more important than bottle size. Concentration refers to the ratio of hemp oil solution (measured in mL) compared to the amount of CBD cannabinoid (measured in milligrams, or mg). A 15-mL bottle may contain 100 mg of CBD, 300 mg, 500 mg, or more. The higher the mg amount, the stronger the CBD oil will be. For this reason, the ‘mg’ measurement is also referred to as the oil’s strength; i.e., 400-mg oil might be called 400-strength oil.


The CBD vaporizer category is pretty crowded, but this CBD Vape Shot Kit from Alternate Vape continues to win the hearts of our customers, even over more expensive versions. The device itself is small, portable, lightweight, convenient, and easy to use. Simply add your favorite flavor, screw on the top, and you’re ready to start vaping. It’s the ideal starter kit for beginners new to CBD vaping, and it comes with everything you need: one e-pen, one USB charger, and one pre-loaded CBD cartridge.
It also depends on the strength of your CBD. If you’re using max-strength 4000mg CBD from Hemp Bombs, maybe one or two puffs will be all you need. If you’re using a lower strength product, then you’ll have to use significantly more to feel similar effects. Of course, max strength CBD is way more expensive than the lower strength stuff, but it lasts much longer. It’s really a matter of the following question: Do you prefer to spend more upfront or over time?

In 2017, state Governor Scott Walker signed and passed the 2017 Wisconsin Act 100. This law is described as a “pilot program to study growth, cultivation, and marketing of industrial hemp.” It allows the cultivation of “only industrial hemp of the species Cannabis sativa, with THC concentration of Non-Detectable.” Republican Representative Jesse Kremer sponsored the bill. He tweeted, “signing the bill will make Wisconsin a national and global leader in hemp production.” Wisconsin is joining over 30 other states across the country that are taking advantage of this new cash crop.
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