In fact, CBD has even been found to be a mediating factor for some of the negative effects of THC, the active ingredient in recreational and medical cannabis. One study which reviewed the literature on the overall negative effects of cannabinoids pointed to emerging research that suggests that CBD ameliorates some of the negative psychological effects of THC, but noted that more research is needed on this frontier (9).
As mentioned above, CBD is no longer considered a Schedule I controlled substance under the Farm Act. However, under the DEA’s definition, it remains on the list. This allows for individual states to create exceptions to the status of CBD, even when cultivated from hemp plants grown legally under the act. It also maintains illegal status for any CBD sourced from plants produced in settings that are not consistent with that Act, or by an unlicensed grower. It is expected that more clarification on the status of CBD will come early this year (2019).
The benefits of CBD for anxiety have traditionally been assessed through subjective reports, like anxiety questionnaires and surveys, but recent groundbreaking research has been able to demonstrate that CBD upregulates specific neurotransmitter pathways in the brain, and changes cerebral blood flow patterns to areas of the brain linked to the symptoms of anxiety. These mechanistic changes make an even stronger case that CBD is an effective way to reduce feelings of anxiety.
No. As of August 2017, possessing THC oil is not only a crime but also considered a more serious crime than possessing marijuana in its traditional form. In Texas, it is a felony to possess THC oil or wax. The seriousness of the felony varies based on the amount of THC oil possessed. For example, possession of less than one gram of THC oil is a state jail felony that is punishable by six months to two years in a state jail facility and a fine of up to $10,000.
The CBD industry is still extremely new. The terminology hasn’t been officially sorted out yet, so each company kind of comes up with their own method of categorizing their products. As always, make sure that you do your own research before you buy anything. If you’re unsure, email the company’s customer service before you buy. Most CBD companies have good customer service teams and they’ll be happy to help.
The CBD oil products generally have a shelf life of at least one year, if stored in a cool, dark place. Refrigeration is typically not necessary as long as it is kept somewhere where the temperature is less than 77 degrees Fahrenheit. Tinctures that use MCT coconut oil as the carrier oil are known to have a longer shelf life than those with hemp seed oil as the carrier oil.
Due to the influence of big pharma,the FDA has refused (until recently) to investigate the benefits of phytocannabinoid oil for humans or pets. We are not allowed to say or imply that phytocannabinoid has any medical benefits, however the 1st Amendment also protects our right to tell you about our experiences with phytocannabinoid helping our own pets, and the fact that there have been more than 1500 clinical studies regarding the effectiveness of phytocannabinoids. The owners and staff of Innovet believe, but cannot legally claim or imply, that countless dogs and cats have used phytocannabinoid oils for many conditions.
Our pick for Best Customer Experience is Fab CBD, a brand that offers high-quality CBD products at a reasonable price and provides additional perks for shoppers. The company’s CBD oil is available in four concentrations, ranging from 240mg to 1,500mg, which makes the oil suitable for those with light to moderate insomnia symptoms. The oil is available in natural, mint, and citrus flavors; prices range from 11 to 26 cents per mg, depending on the concentration. Fab CBD also offers edible gummies and a CBD topical oil.
Like humans, animals can suffer from all manner of chronic pain, and this 2015 review of the scientific literature on chronic pain and cannabinoid usage found that seven out of eleven high-quality trials showed cannabinoids to have “a significant analgesic effect.” Researchers also reported that “several trials also demonstrated improvement in secondary outcomes (e.g., sleep, muscle stiffness, and spasticity).”
Unlike THC, which primarily binds to CB-1 receptors located in the brain, CBD works in the body by manipulating receptors throughout organ tissues, the immune system, the pain response system, the hormonal system, and other whole-body regulatory systems. Basically, since its receptors have been found to exist in virtually every cell and tissue type in the body, CBD is believed to work on every aspect of human health and behavior – from the subcellular level to the whole-body leve and beyond.
Vaping is one of the most bioavailable methods in delivering CBD throughout the body. During inhalation, CBD enters through the lungs and diffuses directly into the circulatory system. In contrast to the 30-60 minutes it generally takes for an edible to kick in, the timely efficiency of vaping is vastly superior. And while we’re comparing CBD edibles to CBD vapes, consider this: the same beneficial effects can be achieved with a much smaller amount of CBD by vaping. The CBD transfer from lungs to bloodstream is far more efficient than sending CBD through the liver where its absorbed and broken down by enzymes – a process that can remove the potency of cannabidiol.
Hemp producers who sell CBD products will often use the 2014 Farm Bill to claim that it is legal. This bill includes a provision that allows for the legal cultivation of hemp provided it is used for academic agricultural research or under a state pilot program. But there is still confusion about whether the legal allowance for cultivation also includes selling it.
Another field in which CBD is creating a buzz is in the area of mood disorders like anxiety and depression. Both conditions have been treated with a variety of medications, courtesy of Big Pharma, that have had varying levels of success. Again, the long list of side effects can be off-putting to someone who just wants to get through the day without the sweaty tension of anxiety or the gray haze of depression.
We also have to look at Federal spending budgets, don’t we? The Federal Appropriations that passed in April, 2017 specifically mentions the Department of Justice is prevented from “implementing their own laws that authorize the use, distribution, possession, or cultivation of medical marijuana.” Hemp is not medical marijuana, though one could assume if they’re not going after High-THC plants, they’re not going to go after low-THC plants either – especially without the budget needed.
One of the most expensive tinctures on the list, Pet Releaf’s full-spectrum CBD oil is carried in organic coconut (MCT) oil, and has a very light taste. You’ll be able to choose between 3 concentrations for both cats and dogs — just make sure to read their product pages closely so you know how much CBD is in the bottle. The numbers on their label refer to all the cannabinoids present in the tincture, not just CBD.
Research on CBD and anxiety has generally looked at cannabis as a whole product, not as CBD as a standalone compound. Some studies suggest that it can help with anxiety: like this 2011 study that suggests CBDcan reduce social anxiety or this 2015 review that says CBD could be promising for many forms of anxiety. It’s also important to consider whether the CBD comes from the cannabis plant and therefore may include THC, a cannabinoid that for some, induces anxiety. Read our comprehensive article on CBD and anxiety, here.
That said, very little is actually known in regard to the long-term health effects of CBD vape juice. Much more needs to be done in order to learn about the potential respiratory complications (and other health concerns) that may arise further down the road. For the time being, all you can do is know the contents of your CBD e-liquid, know how it was manufactured, and ensure that you buy from a well-known and reliable company.
Pure CBD Vapors was here before the CBD boom, and our founding principles of transparency and trust have made us an online fan-favorite in the CBD community. Shop with us and enjoy what thousands of repeat customers have come to expect from Pure CBD: high quality products, fair prices, stellar customer service, and a huge selection of the industry’s most exciting items.
So how does it work? Scientists are still working out the details of how CBD works to calm the mind, though it seems that its effects on serotonin and glutamate production are part of that equation. This comprehensive 2015 review of scientific literature on CBD as a potential treatment for anxiety concluded that CBD has considerable potential and strongly recommended further study.
Disclaimer: *The information below and any other communication regarding legality which you may receive from any representative of Green Roads or the Green Roads’ website is for informational purposes only and not for the purpose of providing legal advice. You must make your own judgment regarding whether you should purchase CBD in your jurisdiction. You should contact your attorney to obtain more specific guidance.*