These findings underscore the importance of choosing a high-quality CBD product, hopefully that uses independent lab testing to verify its purity. This study also suggests that using CBD is a bad idea if you get drug tested for your job—there’s a one in five chance that a CBD product could cause you to test positive for marijuana, even if you aren’t using it.
This article provides a wealth of practical information for the individual considering CBD as an adjunctive or alternative treatment for pain and or anxiety. CBD works in the body by manipulating receptors throughout organ tissues, the immune system, the pain response system, the hormonal system, and other systemic regulatory systems. While CBD oils have not been reviewed or approved by the FDA for the treatment of these conditions, a wealth of literature, both anecdotal and research-related now exists to help describe both their safety and effectiveness. As discussed in this article, the potential new adopter must be mindful of several important items. First, only those products that are sourced from Industrial Hemp will be considered legal in all states. One must be careful if the product you choose is sourced from the marijuana plant, as those products may contain THC levels above the legal limit in your given state. Secondly, all products are NOT created equal – they differ significantly in strength, absorption, and elimination by the body and in the manner in which they are formulated. One should be mindful of the differences in doses available for each of these products, starting at a low or moderate dose and increasing as needed in order to find the lowest dose that provides the desired relief. In this way, one can individualize usage to maximize effectiveness, while minimizing risk, a proper goal for the use of all medicinals.
“This bill will help get sick children potentially life-changing medicine. By crafting the legislation in a way that allows for tightly controlled medical studies, we can ensure we are researching possible treatments in a responsible and scientific way. The CBD oil we are studying is a non-intoxicating derivative of marijuana. It is not marijuana, and it is not anything that can make you ‘high.’ This law has been narrowly crafted to support highly supervised medical trials for children with debilitating seizures. It is not a first step towards legalizing marijuana, and I will never support the legalization of marijuana in Oklahoma.”
The undisputed champion of terpenes is the cannabis plant. For so many, the blend of terpenes defines the cannabis experience. They can tell a story of composition, define a strain or pinpoint an origin. In fact, for many cannabis grow operations, retaining high terpene profiles is a driving goal. Not only do terpenes dictate flavor profiles, but also the effects – and science is just now beginning to explore the beneficial mechanisms at play.
The human body also produces cannabinoids, known as endocannabinoids, in a bodily system known as the endocannabinoid system (or ECS). The ECS promotes homeostasis by regulating a wide range of functions, including motor skills, mood, appetite, and sleep. As we age, our ECS produces fewer endocannabinoids; they may also decrease due to physical injury or disease. Replenishing depleted endocannabinoids with phytocannabinoids like CBD can help restore balance to the body.
Due to the influence of big pharma,the FDA has refused (until recently) to investigate the benefits of phytocannabinoid oil for humans or pets. We are not allowed to say or imply that phytocannabinoid has any medical benefits, however the 1st Amendment also protects our right to tell you about our experiences with phytocannabinoid helping our own pets, and the fact that there have been more than 1500 clinical studies regarding the effectiveness of phytocannabinoids.*The owners and staff of Innovet believe, but cannot legally claim or imply, that countless dogs and cats have used phytocannabinoid oils for many conditions.
The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from health care practitioners. Please consult your health care professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product.
CBD works primarily by interacting with your pets’ endocannabinoid system, a system present in all mammals. The endocannabinoid system, put simply, is an inter-related system of receptors and chemicals that work together to maintain homeostasis, or balance, in your pet’s body. Its effects range from appetite control to mood and pain regulation and immune support, and much more. 

CBD may be best known for its relaxing, calming effects. CBD reduces autonomic arousal, having the inverse effect of THC on the body. CBD’s anti-anxiety effect is why many in the cannabis community talk about how CBD relieves paranoia, although that is not scientifically proven yet. CBD is also known for its anti-nausea and pain relieving effects. It really depends on why your body’s specific needs and the quantity in which you take CBD.
In 2018, The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first CBD-based medication after years of research suggesting that CBD is beneficial to treat two rare and severe forms of childhood epilepsy. The FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb has said the approval was “a reminder that advancing sound development programs that properly evaluate active ingredients contained in marijuana can lead to important medical therapies.” He noted that the action was “not an approval of marijuana or all of its components” but rather of one specific CBD medication for a particular use. In April, an advisory committee unanimously recommended approval of the drug for the two types of epilepsy. FDA CBD rules approving hemp as medicine have helped spread awareness about CBD and acceptance regarding its use.
If your animal has a tendency to panic, then you should be wary of any product that contains THC, since, for some animals and people, that cannabinoid can elicit a panic response. CBD, on the other hand, has been proven to help regulate panic. A 2017 article in Current Neuropharmacology reviewed both experimental lab animal and human studies, and researchers concluded that “CBD seems to be a promising drug for the treatment of PD [panic disorder].”
We also have to look at Federal spending budgets, don’t we? The Federal Appropriations that passed in April, 2017  specifically mentions the Department of Justice is prevented from “implementing their own laws that authorize the use, distribution, possession, or cultivation of medical marijuana.” Hemp is not medical marijuana, though one could assume if they’re not going after High-THC plants, they’re not going to go after low-THC plants either – especially without the budget needed.
The important thing is that you have to be SUPER careful when selecting CBD oils. Since the cannabis industry is not FDA-regulated, there have been dozens and dozens of companies trying to get away with selling very low quality (and even potentially toxic), “snake oils” that have been extracted using harsh chemical solvents like butane and hexane. Make sure you stay away from cheap products like these, as they could damage your health.
Truth be told, one of the biggest draws to using CBD oil for pain has been the fact that it has little distinguishable side-effects or contraindications with other medications. In fact, in a massive report that was published by the World Health Organization during last year’s 2017 Expert Committee on Drug Dependence, it was (finally) declared to the world that CBD is a “safe, well tolerated [compound, which] is not associated with any significant adverse public health effects.”
CBD oil has gained the most traction among the general public for its ability to treat psychiatric conditions like anxiety and addiction. The roots of CBD oil in psychological treatment originated from its surprising effectiveness at helping children with epilepsy, and it’s becoming increasingly popular as a way to help ameliorate symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder as well.
Whether you will be prosecuted for possession of CBD oil in Texas depends entirely upon where you are located.  In North Texas, Denton County is not prosecuting CBD oil only cases, Dallas County is "not aggressively prosecuting" CBD oil cases, and the Collin County District Attorney is still deciding. Tarrant County, on the other hand, is prosecuting CBD Oil cases.
Customer Service: We’ve always received fast, informative responses to our queries about products and practices, but there are definitely customers out there who have not. A quick perusal of reviews shows customers who had issues with unaddressed orders. It’s hard to know exactly what the problem is in these situations, but the company’s strict return policy (seven days for unopened products only) probably doesn’t help. It should be noted that the company has a solid base of very satisfied customers as well.
But herein lies a problem. The research needed to determine the correct dosage for CBD oil in dogs simply hasn’t been done yet, Coates says. And, to make matters worse, FDA testing has shown that many CBD products contain little if any CBD, she adds. The best option available to pet parents at this time is to talk to a veterinarian who has experience with pets being treated with cannabis oil about proper dosage and reputable manufacturers, Coates says.
The benefits of CBD for anxiety have traditionally been assessed through subjective reports, like anxiety questionnaires and surveys, but recent groundbreaking research has been able to demonstrate that CBD upregulates specific neurotransmitter pathways in the brain, and changes cerebral blood flow patterns to areas of the brain linked to the symptoms of anxiety. These mechanistic changes make an even stronger case that CBD is an effective way to reduce feelings of anxiety.
While hemp-derived CBD sourced from marijuana plants still remains subject to individual state laws, when sourced from hemp products, CBD can be purchased and consumed in all 50 states as long as it is grown in accordance with the Act. This means that CBD’s legal status on a federal level is quite clear, however, on a state level there’s some variation.

In 2014, President Obama signed into law the Agricultural Act of 2014. Section 7606 of the act, Legitimacy of Industrial Hemp Research, defines industrial hemp as distinct from marijuana. This authorizes institutions of higher education or state department’s of agriculture in states that legalized hemp cultivation to regulate and conduct research and pilot programs. Basically, it’s up to the states to regulate the growth per their own State Departments.

As of early 2017, 14 of these regulated 33 states legally produce hemp seeds. The federal designation indicated hemp could be grown for industrial or academic applications. These 14 states (CA, CO, IN, KY, MA, MO, ND, OR, SC, TN, VT, VA, NC and WV) are producing hemp seeds for industrial use. While regulations and agricultural standards are still developing in America, European sourced is still the ideal choice for the consumers. Ideal conditions, more experience, and refinement of regulations to ensure safety and quality lend more trust to you, our consumer. 


There are so many different CBD products out there to choose from, and it can be difficult to find the ones that are just right for you. To help you make an informed decision and enjoy CBD’s benefits to the fullest, we have put together several pages of invaluable information about CBD, its properties, its uses, and how YOU can best benefit from it.

DISCLAIMER: The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only; it does not constitute legal advice. Although we endeavor to keep the information up to date and correct, we make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, products, services, or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Therefore, any reliance you place on such information is strictly at your own risk.

The main selling point of this company apart from the extensive choice in flavors is the unique two-step extraction process that preserves optimum potency and purity. Almost everybody else claims to do the same, but the results are hardly convincing. Koi CBD delivers exactly what they promise, and that is why I can’t recommend you this product enough! 

Research on CBD and anxiety has generally looked at cannabis as a whole product, not as CBD as a standalone compound. Some studies suggest that it can help with anxiety: like this 2011 study that suggests CBDcan reduce social anxiety or this 2015 review that says CBD could be promising for many forms of anxiety. It’s also important to consider whether the CBD comes from the cannabis plant and therefore may include THC, a cannabinoid that for some, induces anxiety. Read our comprehensive article on CBD and anxiety, here.
Outside of those four states, consumers must put their trust in the manufacturer. Sometimes that’s warranted, and sometimes it’s not. In 2016 and 2016, the FDA ran tests on several CBD products and found that many of the products had far less CBD than advertised, and in some cases none at all. You can find those test results here for 2015, and here for 2016. (These FDA tests were done as a one-off project. CBD products are not approved by the FDA for the prevention, mitigation, or treatment of any disease or condition.)
Due to the influence of big pharma,the FDA has refused (until recently) to investigate the benefits of phytocannabinoid oil for humans or pets. We are not allowed to say or imply that phytocannabinoid has any medical benefits, however the 1st Amendment also protects our right to tell you about our experiences with phytocannabinoid helping our own pets, and the fact that there have been more than 1500 clinical studies regarding the effectiveness of phytocannabinoids. The owners and staff of Innovet believe, but cannot legally claim or imply, that countless dogs and cats have used phytocannabinoid oils for many conditions.
CBD Oil can also contain ZERO amount of THC. If this were coffee, it’s all in the grind. It still is, figuratively, for hemp CBD oil. We developed a product from listening to our customers that needed 100% certainty their oil didn’t contain trace amounts of THC. Like who? First responders, athletes, military personnel, or anyone that wants 100% confidence they’re consuming only CBD. Read more about it here.
Vaping, tinctures, topicals—they all have their qualities, but does anything beat the decadence and sheer enjoyment of dark chocolate? These Tasty Cocoas CBD Chocolates from Tasty Hemp Oil come individually wrapped, ready to deliver a delicious serving of soothing CBD. Made with the highest-quality cocoa and raw hemp oil, these chocolates are available in dark and dark mint variations.
This Pure CBD Tincture from Elixinol allows you to absorb more cannabinoids thanks to a unique product enhancement. CBD hemp oil is pre-dissolved and embedded into microscopic liposomes to act as an efficient delivery method, since they’re quickly absorbed through a cell wall. In other words, just a few sprays under your tongue and you’ll feel the effects of CBD faster than any other tincture on the market.
Generally, CBD oil is made by combining an extract with a carrier fluid or oil. This question is best answered by looking at how the CBD oil was extracted. CBD oil can be extracted using CO2 systems or by using chemical solvents. Both methods produce a CBD oil byproduct that is then combined with a fluid like MCT oil, coconut oil, or olive oil so that it can be delivered to the body. Always check to make sure you know the CBD content of the products you purchase.

If you have ever suffered from anxiety, then you know that it is awful, and it would be the same for your dog too. Many dogs suffer from anxiety and have been known to be depressed and extremely anxious in certain situations, such as when their owner leaves. This can result in destructive behaviors such as chewing objects, urinating, pacing, and more. CBD helps because it is a relaxing stimulant that calms your pet.
Californians also have to take into consideration Prop 65. This proposition requires that businesses refrain from knowingly and intentionally exposing individuals to any of the chemicals contained in a state-published list of chemicals which are known to cause cancer or reproductive harm. This, among many other factors, is why HempMeds adheres to the Triple Lab Tested® Standard. We believe in a common sense approach where safety and knowing what goes into your body is of utmost importance.
After a month of researching legalities of CBD industry here in Colorado, I must say I’m still confused. I went to city authorities and at one point was told I needed a $50,000 permit, ya no! So went to the state level with Dept of Ag, my intent was to make cbd infused dog treats with proper dosage. NOPE can’t do that it’s illegal, so I said I’m going to keep calling until you say yes to something. Decided I would make cbd infused creams etc. I was told yes it was legal but don’t ship across state lines. Hmmm ok. Do you have to be 21 to purchase? No! Well needless to say I made product, set up website and carried on, I’m two weeks into it and SQuare credit card has cut me off! I’m am totally confused as to what I can and can’t do as I tried to follow all the laws etc. I would so appreciate any input you have on this!
I was arrested and charged with a FELONY in Saratoga, WY on Sept 2017 for possession of CBD hemp oil ‘THC liquid’ by a banjo playing member of the Hitler youth named Robert The Bifano. The state’s crime lab found a “presence” of THC and even violated state statutes by weighing the glass bottle! Due to atrocious legal counsel–Steven Titus of Gillette, WY whom I found on the NORML site–out of duress from threats to my physical safety while incarcerated and Titus warning that I couldn’t “trust” twelve “moronic [email protected]#%s in Carbon County” in a jury trial and that “You’ll go to prison,” I accepted a terrible alford plea that turned me into a felon for life under 3 years of supervised probation. I was also charged with a second bogus felony for good measure. Stay out of Wyoming folks–the state where Matthew Shepard was beaten to death and strung up on a fence and left to die like a dog by two Neanderthals– especially steer clear of the towns of Rawlins and Saratoga and along Interstate 80—-the ‘ju$tice’ sy$tem in Carbon County is corrupt. “Vacation in Wyoming–Leave on Probation.”

Whereas Michigan already had medical weed legalized to make for a quicker route to starting full legislation, these states don't yet have an operational system in place. North Dakota and West Virginia also still are not operational yet, nor in Louisiana or Arkansas. Ohio is also behind schedule, having been unable to meet their goal of having operational dispensaries two years after voting for legalization. And until those are operational, the Ohio Board of Pharmacy ruled that any CBD products not sold in dispensaries licensed by the state's program are illegal.
The Texas Controlled Substances Act is codified under Texas Health and Safety Code Chapter 481. Health and Safety Code Section 481.032 says that the Commissioner of State Health Services is to set out what substances are deemed Controlled Substances in Texas under Schedules I through V. Chapter 481.034 retains the right for the legislature to remove substances from the Controlled Substance list.
One of the lesser talked about aspects of CBD vaping safety is the potential respiratory hazard of cuticle wax. Cuticle waxes are basically the oily, fatty outer layer of lipids that cover the surface of most flowering cannabis plants, including hemp. When these plants are smoked with a bowl, joint, bong, etc, the wax layer is burned away and isn’t believed to cause much concern in terms of respiratory health.
All available evidence indicates that long term use of PurCBD+ causes no side effects; however, PurCBD+ has only truly been available for pets for a couple years. The most common reason our customers cite for using CBD is to replace prescription drugs that have a known history of long term side effects. Always consult your veterinarian and use our dosing chart/schedule to coordinate the use of dietary supplements like PurCBD with prescription medications.

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It’s also one of the strongest and most concentrated CBD oils for pain on the market today. With a grain-of-rice-sized recommended serving taken orally twice a day, its potent punch acts quickly—in just ten to fifteen minutes—to provide powerful relief. Furthermore, it offers terrific value for your money, boasting more CBD per dollar than many other CBD products.
So. According to the Controlled Substance Act definition itself, certain parts of the cannabis plant are clearly illegal, while others fall into a grayer area. One of these – for the most part – is CBD extracted from the “legal” parts of the cannabis plant, and non-marijuana industrial hemp plants, which, as defined by Section 7606 of the Farm Bill are cannabis plants with less than 0.3 percent THC.
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